Make a few easy, short films to hone your talents before beginning a major filmmaking undertaking. Make a practice mini-documentary if you intend to make a full-length one. Try recording one scene of your drama if you’re planning to make one.
1. Get the right equipment
To capture your video, you need a camera. You may use a camcorder or an iPhone. Yet, a mirrorless camera with greater creative possibilities is the Panasonic G85 or the Fujifilm X-T3. A tripod or camera stabilizer will keep the camera steady, and a microphone will help you get better sound. Reflectors or lights can be required.
An editing program or app is required. Final Cut Pro X and Adobe Premiere Pro are more capable and powerful than iMovie and Adobe Rush. Editing on a PC is simpler than on a phone or tablet if you’re shooting on a smartphone.
Below is a list of the things you’ll need to get going. Not everything has to be purchased: it’s best to hire or borrow anything you won’t use regularly.
2. Learn how films tell stories
Film language refers to the ways that music, editing, and visuals work together to produce a story. Knowing when to use a closeup and when to use a wide picture is important. The lens, camera angle, light, and music can all be used to set the mood.
As you edit your photos together, it’s crucial that they all appear well. The continuity system may be beneficial. It’s a set of guidelines for positioning the camera and framing photographs. Your movie will be more watchable and easier to grasp as a result.
3. Develop your idea
Choose the type of movie you want to make and your motivations first. Is it a music video, a documentary, a political ad, or a drama?
Make sure that the story or concept is understandable by keeping it straightforward. Can you sum it up in 50 words or less on Twitter? If you can’t, make it more explicit.
Consider your storytelling strategy. Avoid relying solely on a creative twist; your film should be engaging from beginning to end. Make sure to attract viewers’ interest right away, then offer them a reason to stick with you until the very end.
You might use the conventional three-act format. The individuals and the scenario are introduced in the setup. They overcome the difficulties during the conflict.
Be sensible. If you can’t afford many characters or a pricey setting, don’t panic. Rather, view constraints as a challenge.
Your movie should be brief. A one-minute movie can be produced in a few days. It will take weeks to make a ten-minute movie. Also, it gets tougher to keep audiences’ interest during the entire film the longer it is.
4. Plan your movie
Pre-production (planning), production (filming), and post-production are the three primary phases of the moviemaking process (editing and sharing).
Pre-production is the planning stage, during which you carefully map out your film. The content, method, and equipment you’ll need for the shoot all need to be planned. If you want to start recording right away, planning could seem boring, but it will ultimately save you time.
There are various planning strategies. An idea development tool is a mindmap or mood board. After that, you can create shot lists, storyboards, and scripts. For my film planning templates, see this page.
Choose your interviewees and actors wisely. Hence, unless you are certain that your buddies can act, don’t rely on them for a serious movie. Test them out before deciding to use them.
Student actors can be professional and reasonably priced. They will need to tone it down for the camera if they have just performed on stage. This calls for more casual speech and smaller hand motions. They should avoid gazing directly into the camera’s lens while maintaining a close eyeline.
Examine the areas where you intend to shoot. Verify that you can obtain authorization and learn whether you will be required to pay. Is the area secure? Are there going to be any breaks?
Guerrilla filmmaking refers to the practice of shooting on site without authorization or permits. This is dangerous since you can be stopped or penalized. However, it might not be necessary because some cities will allow students or small crews to film in the street for no charge if you notify them in advance.
Create your movie as a collection of distinct shots. For a one-minute movie, you’ll generally need between twenty and forty different shots.
Remember the sound. You must take that into account right now. An mediocre movie can be improved by good sound, whereas one with poor sound becomes unwatchable. Make a movie that doesn’t require live sound if you don’t have the necessary equipment.
Make sure you have everything you’ll need on the day of filming when you’re ready to start. To plan this, use call sheets and a shooting schedule.
5. Film your movie
Production is the phase of filming.
When you can, work as a team. While you can film on your own, working with others is more efficient. A three-person team is led by the director, who collaborates with the actors or presenters. The shots are captured on camera. The sound engineer positions the microphones and listens to the sounds.
Planning ahead will make the filming phase much simpler. While you work with your actors to “block” the scene, make sure they are familiar with their lines. Planning their posture, movement, and how the cameras will record their performance are required for this.
You can capture the action multiple times if you need to shoot drama moments with just one camera.
Thirdly, capture the scene while framing the second actor. You can begin editing the movie with the master shot and then switch between the closeups.
Verify that the camera settings are accurate before you begin filming. Examine the lighting, sound, focus, and frame. If you can, use a microphone and listen to the audio through headphones.
6. Editing and sharing
You choose which footage to use in your movie during the post-production phase. You tweak it after that, add sounds and effects, and prepare it for sharing. Make sure you give this stage ample time.
Prepare to save and backup your work before you begin. Afterwards, review what you’ve captured and select the material you’ll use. You could revise a document by planning it out beforehand. This is especially beneficial for documentaries.
Create a new project in your editing program or application. Finally, locate or import your clips. You should organize your information into distinct folders or “events” if you have a lot of it. If your movie is complicated, break it up into different sequences and then put them all together at the end. Professional editing software makes this easier to handle.
The first step in editing is to put together a rough cut. From each clip, select roughly the portions you require, then add them to the timeline in that sequence. Check the sequencing after that to see if the movie makes sense. If necessary, alter the sequence and add or remove shots. Keep in mind that the entire movie matters more than any particular shot. Hence, be prepared to discard your favorite shot if it doesn’t go with the story.
Adjust each individual edit so the sequence flows naturally after the order appears to be correct. After that, include voiceover, music, and sound effects, and modify the audio levels. The colors can also be corrected using professional software. Effects and titles can be added after that.
Before you finish editing your movie, show it to other people and see what they think.
- Does it make sense? Is the story clear?
- Is the timing right: is it the right length, and is the pace consistent?
- How about the audio: can you hear all the dialogue?
- Finally, does it feel right? Does anything feel awkward or wrong, and what can you do to improve it?
Make careful to backup and save your movie. When your program enables it, export or “share” a copy at the best quality possible. A lower quality copy can always be made from a higher quality copy. Create copies of your movie in the format you require for distribution. Check the requirements with your host or streaming service if it is for online use. Choose MP4 if you’re unsure of the best format to utilize because it works with the majority of computers and smartphones.