Kidney Health: We’ve divided the journey into two parts: post-surgery and long-term diet, to help patients understand what to do and what to avoid after a kidney transplant. Continue reading.
Maintaining excellent health after a kidney transplant depends on eating a healthy diet. The effects of renal failure can be severe on the body, but individuals who receive a new kidney can usually get around the metabolic restrictions they had before the transplant. For long-term health and post-transplant recovery, proper diet is essential. We’ve divided the journey into two parts: post-surgery and long-term diet, to better help patients understand what to do and what to avoid after a kidney transplant. Patients may need to adhere to a strict diet regimen after surgery, starting with a liquid diet and working their way up to soft foods and ultimately a regular meal. Maintaining electrolyte balance, preventing infections, and promoting wound healing all depend on healthy eating.
Kidney Transplant And Diet: Post-Surgery Diet
Drinking enough water is essential for a speedy recovery. The optimal amount of water consumption per day is 2 liters. Since caffeine has a diuretic effect, excessive consumption should be avoided.
Consuming enough calories keeps the body energetic, which speeds up wound healing. During the recuperation phase, consuming 30–35 calories per kilogram of body weight per day is advised. Every meal and snack should contain whole grains like wheat and oats. Rice, sooji, and sago are examples of easily digested cereals that can be used if digestion is subpar. As most patients are taking steroids, excessive sugar consumption is not advised.
Loss of muscle mass is correlated with kidney failure, therefore it’s critical to have enough high-quality protein each day. Proteins are also necessary to keep the immune system functioning properly. Every meal should include dal/paneer, an egg, chicken, or fish. Consume enough dairy products to get your calcium as well.
Potassium is a mineral that every kidney patient is familiar with, and the medical staff monitors this mineral closely after a transplant. Blood levels can be used as a useful tool to decide whether or not to consume foods high in potassium, such as lemons, peaches, and bananas.
Sodium is a key factor in determining the kidney’s health. When you need it, the nutrition team will give you more salt while you’re in the hospital.
To limit the admission of bacteria, avoid eating raw foods like salads, fruits, and uncooked sprouts because the immune suppressants in your prescription medications also weaken your body’s natural defenses. The main priority is to avoid infections. Pomegranate and grapefruit should not be consumed because they are contraindicated when taken with immunosuppressant medications.
Kidney Transplant And Diet: Long-Term Diet
The diet will continue to be extremely important for long-term health once you have fully recovered from the operation and are stable. If you are diabetic, have hypertension or high cholesterol, or if you have any other underlying metabolic conditions, you must treat them in order for the transplant to be successful.
1. Weight maintenance is crucial
Maintaining weight is important. Due to steroid-based medications, you could experience excessive hunger after surgery, which might result in weight gain. The cornerstones of good health include eating enough complex carbs, consuming plenty of fruits and vegetables to stave off hunger, and exercising every day.
2. Avoid refined sugars, super-refined carbs, and processed foods
A healthy body should not consume processed foods, highly refined carbohydrates, or refined sugars. Your body receives all the nutrients it requires from food prepared with fresh ingredients, keeping it healthy and nourishing. Avoid packaged foods, quick food, mathi, rusk, and other sweet items.
3. Kidney diseases affect bone health
Bone health is significantly affected by kidney problems. Calcium and phosphorus are crucial nutrients for regrowing broken bones. Rich sources of phosphorus include dals, whole grains, millets, eggs, and dairy products.
4. Go for regular medical follow-up
The state of your nutrition, medications, and kidney function must all be regularly monitored by a doctor. In order to tailor the diet to each person’s needs, a licensed dietician can help.
5. Avoid alcohol and smoking
Avoid drinking and smoking because they are bad for your kidneys and your overall health.
6. Stress management is important for overall well-being
The ability to regulate stress is crucial for general health. Deep breathing exercises, yoga, and meditation can all help you feel better mentally.
7. Maintain good hygiene practices
Keep up proper hygiene habits to ward against diseases. Wash your hands frequently, properly cook your meat, and stay away from ill individuals.
8. Stay hydrated
To help the body rid itself of toxins, stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water and other liquids. Drinks with added sugar should be avoided as they might lead to weight gain and other health issues.
To avoid problems and relapse, inform yourself and your family about kidney disease and how to manage it.
In conclusion, a nutritious and well-balanced diet is essential for kidney transplant patients’ recovery and long-term health. Maintaining kidney health and general wellbeing requires eating nutritious, nutrient-dense foods, drinking plenty of water, and refraining from certain foods and lifestyle choices. Working with medical professionals, such as dietitians, is crucial if you want to tailor your diet to meet your specific needs and keep a regular eye on your nutrition and kidney health. Those who have undergone kidney transplantation can live happy and healthy lives by adhering to these rules.